Mandya is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the district headquarters of Mandya district and is located 40 kilometers (25miles) from Mysore and 100 kilometers (62miles) from Bangalore. Sugar and JaggeryIndustries contribute majorly to the economy of the district. Mandy also called “SAKKARE NAGARA” (which in local language means city of sugar) because sugarcane is a major crop.
Mandya district gets its name from the city of Mandya, which is also the headquarters of the district. According to the mythical story, the region named after the sage Maandavya. Ancient inscription scholars and academicians have stated that this region referred to as “Man-ta-ya”, meaning a habitat preceding a civilization or roughly, an ancient abode, and gradually it became Mandya.
Mandya history closely related to the history of the oldMysore State, which included the present district of Mandya and areas around theCauveryBasin. Ruled successively by the kings of the Ganga dynasty and then the Cholas and the Hoysalas, the area annexed by the rulers of Vijayanagara in 1346. The Wodeyars of Mysore gradually grew in importance. Before long, they had established their own rule over a large part of South India which included all of old Mysore, parts of the present Tamil Nadu, and the districts of Dakshina Kannada and Dharwar, with Srirangapatna as their capital.
The power of the Wodeyars was more or less unchallenged until 1761, when Hyder Ali, one of their generals, rose to great strength and overcame them. Finally on 30 June 1799,KrishnarajaWodeyar III a descendant of the ancient royal house placed on the throne of Mysore by the British while Srirangapatna became the property of the victorious East India Company. The dynastic rule of Wodeyars thereafter ended only with the establishment of democracy in free India. The district of Mandya constituted in 1939 as an administrative unit with seven taluks has remained unchanged to this day. The district covers an area of about 4,850.8km2(21,872 sq. Miles), about 1/40th of the area of the whole state. The area is plain except for a few outcrops of rocks that stand out as ridges and an extension of the Biligirirangana range of mountains in the southeast. Perhaps among Mandya's greatest assets are its four rivers, the Cauvery, Hemavati, Lokapavani and Shimsha that give the district both religious importance and scenic beauty.
Although none of the rivers is navigable, they form picturesque waterfalls wherever the lay of the land permits it. The small shrines on the riverbanks are testimony to the deep belief in India that rivers themselves are holy. There are many well-known tourist places existing in and around Mandya. Nearby are the Shivanasamudra waterfalls, Shimsha, Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary, Muthathi forest, Bheemeshwari Cauveri fishing camp near Halaguru., Galibore fishing camp and more.